Pinned World War II - A Timeline

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  • World War II - A Timeline

    Introduction:

    After months of diplomatic arguing and a policy of appeasement by the Allies towards Germany on September 1st 1939 war broke out in Europe after Germany's' invasion of Poland and threw Europe into darkness and chaos and introduced a new dramatic form of military warfare.
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  • September 1st 1939
    On this day Germany invaded Poland to signal the start of the Second world war (WW II). With a force made up of 53 divisions and 1,600 aircraft, German forces crossed the borders into Poland in a Pincer movement led by General Walther von Brauchitsch.

    The objective of this large scale attack was to defeat the Polish forces as fast as possible and cut off supply and communication lines.

    The invasion was known as as the "September campaign (Kampania wrześniowa)" or the "1939 defensive war (Wojna obronna 1939 roku)", and in Germany as the "Poland campaign (Polenfeldzug)

    It was a German victory as despite Polish attempts to defend their nation from attack they could not match the sheer numbers and strength of the German forces
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  • September 3rd 1939:
    After the expiration of the Allied ultimatum to Nazi Germany to end their attack on Poland and withdraw both Britain and France declared war on Germany (Australia and New Zealand also declared war on Germany)

    In a radio broadcast to the British people Chamberlain stated;

    Neville Chamberlain wrote:

    The long struggle to win peace had failed.... I cannot believe that there is anything more or anything different that I could have done and that would have been more successful.

    The declaration of war was received with great enthusiasm in the Polish capital, Warsaw, where crowds gathered on to the streets outside the British and French embassies cheering and singing.
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  • September 5th 1939:

    After forming his new Cabinet South African Prime Minister Jan Christiaan Smut Declares War on Germany.


    On the same day in the United States of America, the U.S authorities proclaim their neutrality when President Roosevelt addresses the country;



    Franklin D. Roosevelt wrote:

    As long as it remains within my power to prevent, there will be no blackout of peace in the United States
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